Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 keywords and phrases. Not only that, Chinese is one more tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, additionally unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available getting eco-friendly furniture helps PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or genuine. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Lastly tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple of different methods many similar sounds with various meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, that is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can’t be related, the meaning of the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds such as u with an umlaut () that sounds like a program of I and u. Like as much as possible unfamiliar, it leads to uncertainty and fear. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the first step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language becoming successful.
The Strategies Once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted an exploration amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results that may help future learners in forming an effective study tactic. Her study revolves concerning the most used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of this Chinese characters.
The study finds that among finest twenty usually used strategies, eight of them are related to when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the letter.
7. Experiencing the explanation of the smoothness.
8. Associating the character with previously learned character.
The next six strategies are familiar with increase learners’ understanding belonging to the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the actual character been recently used previously.
12. Learning how they are used in conversation.
13. Making use of the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how to say hello in mandarin the character could double in words.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning concentrations. There are only three strategies implemented in memorising newly learned temperament.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time frame.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mind.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And there is only one strategy for the practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed overall performance two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many years.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of brand new characters. The four strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of the things learned from what they read, 26% from anything they hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, an essential improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials these kind of are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students the materials they are learning as they quite simply do anything. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection with the characters to make them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study shows that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way to practice this will be using an app such as The Intelligent Flashcards. Additionally flashcard app is planned for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters based on chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so much more convenient that another app while Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning answer to incorporate is observing your characters are usually employed in circumstance. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to supplement the textbook and audio tracks conversation. It is interesting to notice that university students studied typically the abovementioned research were unwilling to adopt the learning strategies recommended by the instructors, for instance watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many reasons why you are this. Design and style of the shows or songs usually will not appeal into the learners.
Associated with this program is not quite as convenient. Or if the shows might be accessed online, rarely real estate agent subtitled in both both Chinese and English which will make the shows more beneficial to beginner learners in getting the language. Also, most on the very popular Chinese Television programs fall into the historical genre, which is really a favourite among the Chinese, with regard to The Empress of Asia. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is a bit more complex compared to a contemporary spoken Chinese.